A viral illness that affects the brain and is transmitted by mosquitoes. It is most commonly found in Asia, particularly in rural areas of countries like China, Japan, and India.
The best way to prevent Japanese Encephalitis is to get vaccinated.
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Expected End of March 2024
Frequently Asked Questions
If you receive the complete programme, in most cases, first booster is offered after 12 to 24 months. In adults (18 to 64 years) a further booster is only required every 10 years and children every 2 years.
- First booster is after 12 to 24 months, depending on risk factors
- Further boosters after 10 years for adults (18 to 64 years)
- Children from 2 months to 17 years every 2 years
- Adults 65 years and over need a booster every 12 months
Vaccines are available to prevent Japanese encephalitis, and they are recommended for people who are planning to travel to areas where the illness is prevalent.
Symptoms of Japanese encephalitis include fever, headache, muscle aches, and a stiff neck. These symptoms may be mild or severe, and they can develop gradually or suddenly. In more severe cases, the illness can cause seizures, coma, and even death.
There is no specific treatment for Japanese encephalitis, so treatment is generally supportive and may include medications to reduce fever and seizures, as well as breathing support if needed.
Vaccines are available to prevent Japanese encephalitis, and they are recommended for people who are planning to travel to areas where the illness is prevalent. In addition, people can reduce their risk of contracting Japanese encephalitis by taking precautions to avoid mosquito bites, such as using insect repellents and wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants.
It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you or someone you know has Japanese encephalitis, as early treatment can improve the chances of a full recovery.
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